It is found on the coasts of the Black Sea, Marmara and Thrace, and in the inland regions of Central Anatolia. It is generally in mixed forests. Around Adapazarı, it forms a forest on its own.
It is native to Southern Europe and Central regions of Europe, the Balkans including Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Greece, Turkey in the Caucasus, Italy in the Alpine region and the southern slopes of the Alps, Spain and North Africa.
Where Köknar grows in Turkey: at elevations between 300-1800 m above sea level in the Black Sea, Mediterranean, and Marmara regions. It is a non-deciduous forest tree that grows up to 20-70 m tall and only has long shoots without short ones. It is also known as Göknar.
Pine tree is the name given to needle-leaved species of the Pinus genus belonging to the Pinaceae (pine family) family. Places where it grows in Turkey: Almost every region.
It grows in the Eastern Black Sea, Western Black Sea, Marmara, Aegean, coastal areas, and around Antalya. There are many different species.
It grows in almost every part of Turkey. It does not form forests. It is grown in gardens and fields. It belongs to the group of trees with heartwood.
Oak is found mixed or sometimes in separate forests throughout Turkey. It is particularly abundant in Thrace, Marmara and Bolu regions.